New WHO data: Cancer mortality and possible environmental causes
Oncology is a known scourge of modern society. Traditionally, the main damage to cancer affects the health of smokers, who often suffer from malignant lesions in the lungs. This type of cancer is the first in the world in terms of lethal outcome. However, in recent years, other types of diseases have come to the fore: liver cancer (second place and 788 thousand deaths per year) and colon and rectum cancer, which rank third in the number of deaths in the world.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 500,000 cases of colon cancer (colorectal cancer) are registered annually in the world. The highest incidence is observed in the US, Canada, Western Europe and Russia. Colorectal cancer ranks second in the structure of female oncological morbidity, second only to breast cancer, and third in the structure of male morbidity after prostate and lung cancer.
Why did such indicators arise, because even 20 years ago, according to the same WHO, bowel oncology ranked 6th among other oncological causes of death? And liver cancer was generally considered quite rare.
Chemicals as part of the diet
There can be many reasons for changing the situation. But we can not exclude, as environmentalists say, the health effects of people spreading new herbicides - chemicals that kill weeds in the fields, for example, glyphosate, the shock doses of which can be found in any product containing transgenic soybeans grown in the US or South America. Glyphosate is the main active substance of the herbicide Roundund and its analogues. It is the best-selling and often used herbicide in the world.
Modern GM plants can be sprayed with glyphosate much more than conventional ones. It was for this purpose that most transgenic crops were modified. In the USA and the European Union, after the appearance of GMOs resistant to Roundup, the size of the officially permitted concentration of this herbicide in agricultural food crops, in particular, in soybeans, has been increased several times.
In the European Union and the United States, this figure was raised 130-fold - up to 20 mg / kg. Prior to this, this figure was 0.15 mg / kg.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer in 2016 officially stated that glyphosate can cause cancer in humans. The ban on its sale to private individuals was adopted in the Netherlands, by 2021 it will be completely banned in France, the EU has been discussing for several years the possibility of imposing a moratorium on its use in all member countries.
Studies confirming the danger and uncontrolled spread of this herbicide in humans and the environment have been published repeatedly. For example, in 2014, this glyphosate was found in 3 out of 10 samples of breast milk in US women. The amount of glyphosate in milk was 760-1600 times higher than allowed, for example, by such a regulatory act as the European Directive on drinking water. The maximum permissible concentrations of glyphosate in breast milk simply do not exist.
Ecologists fear that glyphosate will repeat the same story as with Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), an insecticide that poisoned half the planet. DDT was produced by the company Monsanto, which brought to the market and Roundup.
More recently, physicians have made yet another long-term study. People who have been exposed to pesticides (this group of substances, including insecticides and herbicides), may face an increased risk of developing liver cancer. Such data were in 2017 announced at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Study of Cancer in Washington. And this type of cancer, according to doctors, is one of the most difficult and almost incurable.
Other Possible Causes of Oncology Growth
Smoking is considered to be one of the main factors in the occurrence of lung cancer worldwide. In 2015, 1.69 million people died of lung cancer in the world.
But you can not discount the polluted air. According to the Russian oncology portal, a polluted atmosphere also adversely affects the body, causing the formation of a malignant lung tumor and increasing the risk of its occurrence by 5-10%.
The worst of all can be those pollution, which a person does not feel and does not see. The accumulation of dioxins in the human body can lead to lung cancer. The substances that arise when burning plastics and other unsorted solid municipal and medical waste at incineration plants.
In the last 30 years, dozens of incineration plants have been built in the European Union countries, the health status of the population living in the zone of influence of such objects is not studied everywhere and not completely. But still there is such data.
According to Greenpeace, according to studies conducted in Italy, experts have suggested a sixfold increase in the likelihood of death from lung cancer in the population living in the area of the MSZ. Data also indicate a possible association of contamination by the emissions of such plants with liver cancer.
But as a measure, WHO offers to grow indoor and garden plants that purify the air. Real steps, according to environmentalists, in addition to continuing the fight against smoking, can be, in particular, bans on the use of hazardous substances in agriculture, as well as the construction and operation of incineration plants.