A Concise History of Kashmir. Part IV
The 2014 elections and Kashmir
171 million Indian people voted for Narandraa Modi of BJP as the 15th Prime Minister of India. He assumed office on May 26th, 2014 after a sweeping victory against the long-ruling corrupt congress regime. Naraandra Modi is intensely controversial, often accused of propagating sectarian violence in the past as a Hindu fundamentalist with an ideology which is irreconcilable with the Islamic mythos.
Islamic outfits/separatists’ attempt at a boycott
The Kashmir elections were challenged by pro-Pakistani Indian separatists as well as Pakistan-based Islamic outfits. They announced and propagated a boycott against the Kashmir elections through social media, mainly Facebook and WhatsApp. Sayed Ali Geelani of Hurriyat spread rhetoric claiming that "India has been holding elections in the valley using the power of gun and such an exercise is illegitimate. My appeal to the youth in particular is that the sacrifices rendered by the people must be safeguarded and, hence, in no way should anyone vote during elections.” In one of the videos which went viral, we see Geelani addressing a large gathering and urging youth not to undermine the mission of ‘martyrs’. Mirwaiz Umar Farooq is also seen appealing to the masses to boycott elections ‘en masse.’
Elections conducted peacefully under AFSPA & Election Commission
Despite the boycott propagated by the anti-Indian outfits, Kashmir saw the highest voter turnout in 25 years. Modi’s jingoistic speeches calling for total change, development, and stability in Kashmir seemed to really work. He also accused Pakistan of attempting to disrupt the polls. The voter turnout was more than 65%, which higher than the usual voting percentage in any states of India. The most surprising factor is that the Hindu fundamentalist party BJP acquired more than 25 seats (a 25% growth) against Omar Abdulla, who had only 15 seats. These are unbelievable statistics from the only Muslim majority state of Kashmir. Subsequently, a coalition government was formed by BJP and PDP. The Indian government sees this as one of the greatest victories in Indian history, a victory of democracy. The Kashmiris have finally accepted the democratic verdict of India by rudely sidelining the hardline separatist and terror networks across Pakistan. This election was the strongest message any democratic country can emanate, and the message was sent to the disruptors across the control line.
The EU parliament sent a message "The high voter turnout figure proves that democracy is firmly rooted in India. The EU would like to congratulate India and its democratic system for conducting fair elections, unmarred by violence, in the state of Jammu and Kashmir”
Kashmir Chief Minister Mufti Muhammad Sayeed said “If God forbid the Hurriyat and the militants had tried to disrupt the elections, these would not have been as participative as they were. They [Pakistan] also allowed these elections to take place."
Ghulam Nabi Azad said: "In fact, Pakistan and militant groups tried their best to destabilize the democratic process in the state.”
The 2016 Kashmir protest, Burhan Wani, and the Current Situation
In 2016, the world witnessed more mass unrest in the Kashmir valley. Over the years, the fundamental nature of unrest has transformed tremendously, especially the separatists’ demand. India is a country with immense diversity in terms of religion, culture, and ethnicity and therefore peoples’ views on political incidents vary widely. Multiple perspectives and perceptions are very much common, and the growth of liberalism and the existence of assorted political establishments has emancipate varied perspectives and solutions for every social and political occurrence. Since the 1990’s, India has experienced a period of peace in Kashmir, except for a few isolated incidents of cross firing and infiltration. Border security has been enhanced with state of the art technology and equipment, more personnel, more patrolling, and more adequate intelligence input. This has paved the way to stability and peace. The 2014 election verdict gave aspiring promises and hope to the people of Kashmir, but as the days passed, things began to deteriorate. Unfortunate incidents began to occur and peace and stability was severed once again. Let us attempt a fair, objective, and rational inspection of what exactly went wrong.
Everything started with the killing of Burhan Wani, a young militant commander of the Kashmir-based Hizbul Mujahideen, by Indian security forces on July 8th, 2016. This was followed by anti-India protest erupting in 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley and the imposition of a curfew which was defied by protestors who attacked security personnel and public property. The valley remained under curfew for 53 days, resulting in the death of 70 protestors and over 7,000 injured civilians, with 2 security personals dead while 4,000 of them ended up injured. Burhan Wani became a militant at the age of 15 by joining Hizbul Mujahideen. He acquired training and picked up assault weapons and thus became a poster boy for the Pakistani and pro-separatist youth in the valley. He went on a publicity spree on Facebook. One of his posts made on July 1st went viral - a picture of him posing with 10 other young militants. In a video that he posted, he appealed to youth to follow and join the Hizbul Mujahideen. It seems that he recruited more than 30 youth to the Hizbul outfit. The government of India announced a Rs 1 million bounty for finding Burhan once he also threatened to attack “men in uniform” and warned police to stay away. Although he did not actually commit any attack, he was believed to have masterminded several of them and influenced a large group of young separatist Kashmiris. On July 8th, the army cordoned off the area by 4 p.m. and took positions up around the house where Burhan and his associates were present. When the militants tried to come out and escape, they were shot down. After their death, hundreds of villagers came out mourning the death and clashed with the police, CRPF, and attacked army camps in the area.
In early, 2016, observers presented various reports on homegrown militancy and the radicalization of Kashmiri youths, mostly Sunni Muslims. After the Modi government assumed power, there was a lack of dialogue with stake holders, a lack of employment and economic development, and active militancy as well as AFSPA militarization which spiked dissent among young Kashmiris. Communal polarization and sectarian violence elsewhere in the country were a cause for worry for Kashmiris. Hurriyat and JKLF announced a strike and called for a total shutdown followed by clashes in which a mob of 20 people attacked a police station and looted arms and ammunitions. Stone pelting was reported in several places including transit camps of the Kashmiri Pandits. A BJP office was vandalized, train service for the Amaranth pilgrims was suspended, and the highway (Srinagar to Jammu) connection was severed. By the end of the day, 200 plus people were gravely injured with 20 confirmed dead and more than 300 CRPF personnel injured. In addition, buildings and vehicles belonging to the security forces were attacked and set ablaze. There were instances of protestors throwing grenades at security.
The violence continued until the end of September. More than 70 people died and the combined number of injuries was more than 11,000 people (7,000 civilians plus 4,000 security personnel). 117 civilians are likely to lose sight due to pellet gun injuries.
To halt Pakistani propaganda in Kashmir, the government suspended mobile internet services to prevent rumor–mongering and then imposed a media crackdown emergency. Raids were conducted against press outlets where police seized printing plates and newspaper copies. They said that, in view of the curfew, the movement of newspaper staff and the distribution of newspapers would not be possible "for a few days”. Fixed phones and mobiles services were also cut off except for government-owned BSNL. Internet service and cable television service were also suspended to avoid Pakistani incitement through television.
The Indian government, finally annoyed with separatists’ anti-national activities, scrapped all the perks and subsidies allotted to Hurriyat like free air travel, taxies, and accommodation at high class hotels. Their public activities were restricted.
AFSPA personnel revealed that they fired up to 1.7 million pellets, i.e., 3,800 cartridges, which led to a huge number of causalities. Pellet guns are legal as “non-lethal” weapons. Due to the medical emergency, there was shortage of surgeons and other medical staff, and more had to be flown in from Delhi and Mumbai. A team of eye specialists from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi arrived and, upon witnessing the situation, termed it a “war-like situation”. Another team of eye specialists from Mumbai arrived on July 26th and performed over 40 retinal surgeries in a 3-day-period. By August 10th, 365 people had been treated in the SMHS hospital and 425 eye surgeries were performed. Human Rights Watch condemned the use of pellet guns against protesters and called it a ‘failure of the authorities to respect basic human rights”.
Ban Ki-moon conveyed his concern and called for maximum restraint. He also offered mediation between India and Pakistan for solving the Kashmir dispute.
The EU expressed its condolences to the civilians killed and injured during the unrest while urging the restoration of calm and themaintenance of law and order.
China expressed its concern over the casualties due to the unrest and called for a proper settlement of the Kashmiri issue. China's Prime Minister Li Keqiang assured support to Islamabad, adding: "We support Pakistan and will speak for Pakistan at every forum." Li also encouraged a de-escalation of tensions between Pakistan and India as before.
Pakistan declared Burhan Wani a "martyr" and on resolved to mark July 19th a "black day" in Pakistan. The Indian MEA criticized Pakistan for "glorifying" terrorists belonging to recognized terrorist organizations. Later, the observance of the "black day" was postponed. Instead, July 19th is to be observed as "Kashmir's Accession Day”.
New Findings - Who is “funding” the Islamization of Kashmir?
According to stone pelters who were arrested, each stone pelter was paid Rs 400 ($6–7) every Friday. They were supposed to throw stones at security personnel after the Friday Namaz prayer. Stone pelting rates vary during insurgency period. Hurriyat pays stone pelters with money from Pakistan and obviously keeps a certain amount for profit.
The NIA (National Investigation Agency) which deals with counter-terrorism measures has launched a probe into tracking the funding of militants in Jammu and Kashmir by their sympathizers abroad. INR 300 million was allocated to terrorist and secessionist groups each month by Pakistan. It has been discovered that there 10 key bank accounts handling this operating within the Kashmir Valley alone. Apart from small amounts of funds collected from the terrorists’ sympathizers in the Kashmir valley, the largest sum of money comes from abroad, including from Pakistan and various international Islamic organizations. However, Pakistan’s external intelligence agency or ISI (Inter Service Intelligence) remains the largest contributor of foreign funds.
“Information has been collected that certain bank accounts in J&K have seen huge inflow and outflow of funds during the last few months. These accounts are in names of persons whose income doesn't warrant such banking transactions," the NIA noted in its preliminary enquiry into the subject. A sum of least 240 million Indian rupees (£2,729,631) had been pumped into the Kashmir Valley as part of fueling the unrest in recent weeks. Separatist groups have urged their sympathizers to use conduits in the Middle East to pump funds into escalating crises in the valley. Fearing the Indian Intelligence agencies, separatist and militant organizations lure in young Kashmiris who are brainwashed to travel to the Middle East for work. Then, funds are transferred to their banks via Hawala channels. People who receive such funds in their account have no connection with the depositors, and most of this money is withdrawn within 48 hours. One percent of the funds is left in the back as a commission for the account holder. Banks in India are mandated to give a Suspicious Transaction Report (STR) if they find over Rs 10 lakh that has been deposited in any account at one time as well as if they notice a regular flow of large amounts into it from the same source. In order to avid RBI detection, funds are transferred in small amounts not exceeding Rs one lakh.
Various sources from which these funds generated are:
- Fake currency printed in Pakistan.
- The collection of donations in some Middle Eastern and European countries under the name of ‘Jihadi Funds’.
- Extorting traders, contractors, and affluent people in J&K.
- Money sent from Pakistan to militant and secessionist groups operating in J&K mainly through Hawala (parallel remittance system) and drug dealers.
- Kashmiri businessmen dealing in the trade of carpets, handicrafts, etc. in Dubai.
- Hawala dealers in Mumbai and Delhi.
- Zakat (an Islamic tax) and donations.
Another way of financing the terror networks concerns using Pakistani-printed FCIN (Fake Indian Currency Notes) pumped into Kashmir by the Pakistani ISI. INR 80 million per annum was moved into India until 2006. Advanced fencing and the installation of gadgetry on the line of control and the international border subsequently prevented groups from moving large amounts of FCIN, so they sought help from the D Company (the mafia group of Dawood Ibrahim) who is now based in Karachi. Money is routed through his criminal network and then moved to the LeT (Lakshar e-Taiba ) Network and eventually into Kashmir. (For a general idea of international terror funding in Kashmir, please see the following links: Strategic Studies Institute - Islam and politics by Ryan Clarke and Lashkar-i-Taiba: The Fallacy of Subservient Proxies and the Future of Islamist Terrorism in India).
A Deep Analysis of Issues
In order to understand the core issue which runs through the so-called “Kashmir Dispute”, we need to look into the state of Jammu and Kashmir which is constantly misconstrued as simply “Kashmir “(especially by non-Indians). Jammu and Kashmir must be be viewed as a single entity in terms of land mass or area. In terms of territory, Jammu is the largest, then Ladak, and then comes Kashmir (which is the smallest).The separatist community is mainly made up of “Sunni” Muslims backed by Pakistani outfits across the line of control. The other communities in Jammu and Kashmir include Shias, Sufis, Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Christians. Among the Muslim communities, J&K has around 12 % Shia Muslims, around 12-14% Gujjar Muslims, and around 8% Pahadi Rajput Muslims, but none of these communities have any separatist leaders. None of them are separatists and hence have not been involved in any form of protest or dissent against the Indian state since the inception of Indian independence. These are the majority population of Jammu & Kashmir and the main victims of war and homegrown insurgency whose plight is unheard by so-called “humanitarian “organizations like the UNHRC, Amnesty International or even the Indian press and media. Now we have objectively narrowed down the problem to one single community engaged in the protest, i.e., the “Kashmiri-speaking Sunni Muslims” who are responsible for foreign-backed violence and agitation. Now let us filter out certain territories and condense into those areas where agitation and insurgency are initiated from time to time. The separatists are mostly from 5 districts out of the 22 of Jammu and Kashmir, mostly comprised of “Kashmiri-speaking Sunni Muslims” out of which 2 of the 3 regions are not Muslim majority areas (85,000 kilometers squared). In this sense, India has not seen any sort of separatism in these areas which comprise of 85% of the total Jammu and Kashmir. The Poonch sector is dominated by the Sikh community which is only 10-12% and the rest are non-separatist, pro-Indian Muslims. In the city of Kargil, which has 99% Muslims and Kargil, which has around 90% Muslims, still none of them are interested in any sort of separatism. It is now the year 2016, but Pakistan and its supporters are still brooding on UN Plebiscite which is already a closed episode in terms of legality. They consider it totally justified to ask for Jammu and Kashmir since they are Muslim-majority states. On the contrary, the Indian democratic system doesn’t understand this “morality” that Islamic Pakistan projects all over the globe and India does not have to deviate from its constitutional pluralism and principles. Pakistan has to adhere to the norms of Chapter VI of the UN Charter which makes the resolution non-enforceable. Indian and world media are dominated by the views of the popular Sunni community from Jammu and Kashmir , not all of whom are necessarily separatist, but all popular entities from Jammu and Kashmir are Kashmiri-speaking Sunni Muslims like Sheik Abdulla ,Omar Abdullah, Mehbooba Mufti, Yasin Malik, Shabbir Shah, Sayed Gilani, Asiya Andrabi, and Lone. The most surprising fact is that these people are all from 5 districts out of 22 in Jammu and Kashmir which are politically, religiously, and socially unstable regions - regions that Pakistani entities are influential in.
Over the years, tremendous transformation have occurred in the nature of protests, notably in the demands that the protesters put forth and the shrouded variations of their demands which contradict their own objectivity and ideology. If this is the case, then how can the Indian government be able to address the Issue unless they come up with a unified prerequisite like the Baloches or Libyans and Egyptians. The sole common aspect that we see shared by the separatists is the deplorable violence they unleash on security forces, civilians, and public property. Slogans are always interchanged with varying, contradictory demands. Some sloganeer for “Azadi” (“independence”) while others sloganeer for “Pakistan Zindaabad” and still other sets of protestors howl for “Islamization.” Here are some regular slogans that I was able to collect that should be fairly shocking.
- Dil mein rakho Allah ka khauf; Hath mein rakho Kalashnikov - With the fear of Allah ruling your hearts, wield a Kalashnikov
- ''Lashkar ayee Lashkar ayee, india teri mout ayee” - The fighters are coming, India will see death
- 'Asi gachchi Pakistan, Batao roas te Batanev san' - We want Pakistan along with Hindu women but without their men.
- “Is paar bhi lenge aazaadi, us pyaar bhi lenge aazadi “ - We will take freedom from both sides of the border
- “Jeeve Jeeve Pakistan” - Long live Pakistan
- “Kashmir mei agar rehna hai, Allah-O Akbar kehna hai” - If you want to stay in Kashmir, you have to say Allah-O-Akbar)
- “Zalimo, O Kafiro, Kashmir harmara chod do” - Oh Merciless, Oh Kafirs, leave our Kashmir
- “La Sharqia la gharbia, Islamia! Islamia!” - From East to West, there will only be Islam! Islam!
- “'Yahan kya chalega, Nizam-e-Mustafa” - What do we want here? Shariah law
- “Islam hamara maqsad hai, Quran hamara dastur hai, jehad hamara Rasta hai” - Islam is our objective; the Quran is our constitution, Jihad is our way of life
- “Pakistan se kya Rishta? La Ilah-e- Illalah” - Islam defines our relationship with Pakistan
Unlike the Baluchistan freedom movement, which is a legitimate global effort, the separatists in J&K have not demonstrated a true intent or appeal for freedom, no flag designs, no efforts for building a constitution, and no tribunals whatsoever. Anyone who has analyzed the above slogans can make a conclusion about their demands as to whether they hold certain credibility. The flags they use for demonstrations are usually the Pakistani flag itself, which is illegal to hoist or wave on Indian territory. Sedition charges can be levied against a demonstrator for such, which is why most demonstrators cover their face during agitation. There is another set of protestors who came up with a restructured ISIS flag, which is also illegal and morally condemnable, not only for Indians but for any civilized member of the international community. The restructured ISIS flag is scripted below as JKIS (Jammu Kashmir Islamic State). We must reach an empathetical rationalization on how the Indian government should respond to such agitation by those who raise baseless and absurd demands which have no place in a legitimate democracy.
The newly-elected Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Mehabooba Mufti, herself a Kashmiri-speaking Sunni Muslim, is notable for having said the following statements:
- Did they go to fetch milk at the police station or toffees or medicine at an army camp when they got hit by pellet guns?
- 95 per cent of Kashmiris wanted a peaceful resolution. It is only 5 per cent that are resorting to terror and have hijacked the initiative and that 5 per cent should be dealt with according to the law.
- Let us differentiate between those who want peaceful resolution through dialogue and those who are preparing youngsters to pelt stones.
- Pakistan has been openly trying to provoke and fuel tensions in the Kashmir Valley. PM Modi reached out to Pakistan, went to Lahore, but then Pathankot happened. Interior minister Rajnath Singh also went to Islamabad. Unfortunately, Pakistan has repeatedly given up chances to talk and resolve the issue of violence in Kashmir, Now, it is time for Pakistan to respond if it wants peace in Kashmir. As a mother, I am pained to see that kids are being told to go out and stone police stations. Will stone-pelting solve the issue? Everyone wants the bloodshed to stop. But dialogue can only happen with those who want it. I appeal to Hurriyat to help restore peace on the streets and stop the killings. I appeal to all the boys who are out on the street, to everyone. I may have got angry with you and you may be angry with me, but give me a chance!
- The change that we see on the ground has gone beyond anger against us. The grey zone we created between the political black and white of integration and azadi in Kashmir has disappeared. In fact, the entire middle ground stands delegitimized.”
- It is a fact that even weeks after Burhan’s killing, our government is still searching for answers. Perhaps there are no answers.
Sprawling liberalism has encompassed the world, India included. It has creeped into the system, into the media, into the political establishments, and all other sectors, challenging the administration and especially law and order. The same goes for the human rights organizations like Amnesty International and UNHRC. In India, Amnesty International has been under observation for a few years for their biased interpretation and public outcry when they failed to record and condemn killings, both of army personnel as well as civilians who have been shot dead or bombed in cold blood by the dreaded terror outfits. But, unsurprisingly, they have grievously and belligerently decried the Indian judicial system and other bodies with irrational arguments to release a convicted terrorist and enjoy impunity. This was the case with Burhan Wani, Afzal Guru, and Yakub Memon. Organizations like Amnesty have been criticized for their associations with entities with dubious track records on human rights protection, selective bias between Western and non-Western countries, and their bias based on ideology and foreign policy. Most countries, including India, assert that this is one-sided reporting and a failure to treat threats to internal security by mitigating them. These organizations have been found to accept large amounts of inappropriate foreign funds, which was put an end to by the Indian government, which also slapped sedition charges on Amnesty International for sloganeering anti-national mottos in Bangalore. They were told to shut all their offices with immediate effect.
15% of the separatist agitating in Kashmir valley that unleashes acute violence and destruction have received support from the media, activists, and several other political establishments, in their calls to abolish the AFSPA, calling it a draconian and medieval law. Human rights violations in the Kashmir Valley are a reality, but amount to “unintentional damages or collateral damages” which is the most negligible form of violation according to UNHRC, unlike the “Searchlight” violations in Baluchistan which are extremely deplorable and condemnable. This is not to defend any sort of violation, whether small or of searchlight scale. Violations are always violations and need to be addressed gravely and appropriately. I appreciate and will be pleased with those entities who plea for the withdrawal of AFSPA , but it would be more credible if they could understand the Indian administration and provide a genius answer as to how to handle separatists and protestors. I wonder if many know that the Kashmiri police are unable to move freely while in uniform due to the threat posed to their lives by separatists in public spaces. So why not talk about the violation of their fundamental rights as well as human rights violation, instead of merely submitting a plea to withdraw AFSPA? It is a given that, if AFSPA were immediately withdrawn in Kashmir, then within a few hours hostile groups would turn Jammu and Kashmir into a mess and provoke sectarian violence and more.
Protestors’ plea for Azadi or freedom doesn’t stand anymore. In 2016, this is a call for “total Islamization” similar to the ISIS model or Pakistani model. Frankly speaking, no sane democratic government would address this sort of cause. Pakistan should end its unprincipled attempt to sabotage and communalize Kashmir and its people through its guerrilla tactics, or it should place a legally credible “case” and argument on the table (which they don’t have).
What if Jammu and Kashmir are “freed” (overriding all legal clauses)?
“Freeing” Jammu and Kashmir would be a total disaster for India under any circumstance. First and foremost, Kashmir will not survive without an economy, as its only source of revenue is tourism which is already in flimsy state of affairs due to the great hospitality that the separatists offer. Pakistan’s covert designs will enable them to encroach or invade Kashmir from the west. A Kashmir with no economy or armed forces would be forced to merge with Pakistan, which would in turn cut the supply route to Ladhak and Siachin. China would enter through Karakorum and accesses Ladhak. China may also initiate incursion through the Nathu La pass (Sikkim) and Tawang Sector (Arunachal Pradesh) and also occupy Siliguri Passage, and cut off the entire northeast. Other issues include the fact that all Shia Muslims will be murdered, all monasteries and temples will be bulldozed, and Buddhists and Hindus will be butchered. If an Islamic fundamentalist state arises, then one can only expect the mass rape of women before butchering them, as happened in East Pakistan in 1971. All sorts of culture, music, and arts will be scrapped or banned. Kashmir would become a breeding haven for outfits like Al-Qaida, Lasker-e-Toiba, Jamaat-ul-Dua, the Indian Mujahideen, and all would plot to destabilize India further. If Jammu Kashmir is not a part of the Indian union, then this implies that the northern and western fronts are unguarded, and the physical existence of the Himalayas is vital for defending Indian territory from foreign aggression. It is a core strategic location for the armed forces. During the pre-independence era, we ignored the northwest frontiers and, as a result, many invasions occurred. The same would occur if Jammu and Kashmir are absent. Northwest Jammu is the only geographical connection that India has in order to access Afghanistan. Jammu and Kashmir are also the source of several perennial rivers, and as the adage says: “Those who control the rivers, control the policies.” We must understand that India is a tolerant nation and the extent to which it has been generous to the world community and its neighbors is stretched greatly, but cannot be extended to compromise its own territorial security which is being threatened by the world’s second largest sponsors and realizers of the “rape and genocide” in East Pakistan (1971) and their muscle-flexing and belligerent ally, China .
What scenario will there be in the case of India surviving a joint Chinese-Pakistani military assault?
1. You can expect these foreign armies to reach ‘Pathankote” right next to New Delhi from where they can stare at the Indian Parliament’s building with nukes in their arms. This scenario is obviously a discomforting one.
2. The second answer to the above question is more complicated. For this question, we need to look more closely into Islamic theology and how radical fundamentalism work in terms of geo-strategy and how it manipulates global geopolitics. It must be analyzed and not ignored. Mufti Muhammad Aashiq Illahi Muhajir Madani (hereafter Madani), in his ten-volume commentary on the Quran - vol. 4, p. 286, wrote: “This is a veiled reference that Muslims today will be able to conquer the superpowers of their own times. No one should doubt that compromising with Islam is impossible. If Muslims cannot conquer by force, they will conquer by gradual means!”
Few of the recommended sections that you can look into are the Hijirah , the Hadith, the Koran 9.29 , Sura 4:74, Sura 9:29, Sura 9:5 and many more. For a more detailed investigation, please refer to Quran and conquest - University of California Press.
Most people assume that Kashmir’s crises will end if India gives it away. I must say that this is impossible. If Kashmir is given away, then they such forces will create another Kashmir scenario elsewhere. And the next Kashmir in line is none other than Khalistan, after which they will move on to next plea with Punjab and so on and so on. Such forces’ demands will never end until they dominate, acquire, or assimilate all the lands of “Kaffirs,” or “non-believers.” This means that one would have to expect to have to hand over more states. An Islamic country like Pakistan, with such a formidable military, should not be underestimated and should be viewed as ready to inflict damage on others in conjunction with the specific Islamic theology that is preached there. The above-mentioned slogans of protesters can be used as a reference.
Do such slogans sounds like a “freedom movement” or any sort of “justified resistance” against lawmakers?
It is certainly understandable why India might not want to welcome such entities as a foe or even as a friend. India’s view is evident in the reply of its MFA (Ministry of Foreign Affairs). When Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said that “Kashmir will one day be part of Pakistan,” Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj replied: “This dream will not be realized even at the end of eternity.”
“So the Kashmir conflict is all about greed which was planted by Pakistan in 1947 and later on by people like Geelani of Hurriyat who were well paid to keep the state in conflict and people in pain.” - Published in Saddahaq.